Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2019, Page: 106-116
Anti-cancer Immunotherapy Epitope-peptides Vaccination in Patients with Refractory/Persistent Disease of Cervical Cancer and Ovarian Cancer (Phase 1 Studies)
Satoshi Takeuchi, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine Morioka, Iwate, Japan; Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Gynecology, Women’s Health Care, Kobe Tokushukai Hospital, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan
Tadahiro Shoji, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine Morioka, Iwate, Japan
Masahiro Kagabu, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine Morioka, Iwate, Japan
Tatsuya Honda Tatsuya Honda, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine Morioka, Iwate, Japan
Tadayuki Nagasawa, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine Morioka, Iwate, Japan
Yukari Nitta, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine Morioka, Iwate, Japan
Toru Sugiyama, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine Morioka, Iwate, Japan; Women’s Cancer Center, Gynecologic Oncology, Takagi Hospital, International, University of Health and Welfare, Ookawa City, Fukuoka, Japan
Sachiko Yoshimura, Department of Cancer, The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Yusuke Nakamura, Department of Cancer, The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Cancer Institute Hospital of JFCR (Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research), Tokyo, Japan
Received: Aug. 1, 2019;       Accepted: Sep. 11, 2019;       Published: Sep. 24, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.crj.20190703.15      View  96      Downloads  14
Abstract
Despite the improvement of treatments, refractory or chemotherapy resistant ovarian and cervical cancers have been still incurable. In such tumors, the actionable salvage gene-pathways of up-regulating lung cancer 10 (URLC10), hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) and its core protein HIG2- tumor growth factor beta (TGF beta)- the Caenorhabditis elegans SMA ("small" worm phenotype) and Drosophila Mothers Against Decapentaplegic (SMAD), maternal embryonic leucine zipper kinase (MELK)- forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) which induces and stimulates stathmin concerning cell (vascular endothelial cell and tumor cell) migration and counter pathway of P53, and holliday junction recognition protein (HJURP)-histone H3-like centromeric protein A (CEMPA)-Histone, which play important roles in tumor proliferation, metastasis and cell cycling. They had been shifted from original driver gene such as Ras-MAPK or PIK3CA-mTOR. Furthermore, tumor specific micro-environmental factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors facilitate tumor new-angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis, as well. We found human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A*2402 and 0201 restricted epitope neo-antigens or, epitope peptides of VEGF receptor 1 and 2, using micro-cDNA assay form clinical samples. The peptides consisted in nine to eleven mer peptides, which were presented by HLA (major histocompatibility 1) on cell membrane. We administered the multiple peptides subcutaneously as vaccination and it activated intrinsic cell immune system of cytotoxic T cell (CTL). We conducted a phase 1/2 study of those peptides vaccine (PV) cocktails to elucidate their toxicity profiles and efficacy from 4 June 2010 to Jan 2013 for phase 1 studies, and subsequently continued phase 2 studies at outpatient’s clinic of our hospital. PV were administered at a dose of 1mg of each peptide with MONTANIDE*ISA51 (SEPPIC Co. Ltd, France). Enrollees were obtained written informed consent after our IRB approval on 3 June 2010. In results, no major adverse events were seen except dermatologic reactions at injection site. One patient showed complete response, two showed partial response and 10 showed stable disease out of 22 evaluable patients. Median overall survival was 5 months and 9 months in HLA-A2402 and 0201 group, respectively. In conclusion, these findings suggest the peptides cocktail vaccines were safe and applicable for advanced/recurrent OC.
Keywords
Immunotherapy, Cancer Vaccination, Epitope Peptide, Ovarian Cancer, Cervical Cancer, HLA, Chemotherapy Resistance, Persistent Disease
To cite this article
Satoshi Takeuchi, Tadahiro Shoji, Masahiro Kagabu, Tatsuya Honda Tatsuya Honda, Tadayuki Nagasawa, Yukari Nitta, Toru Sugiyama, Sachiko Yoshimura, Yusuke Nakamura, Anti-cancer Immunotherapy Epitope-peptides Vaccination in Patients with Refractory/Persistent Disease of Cervical Cancer and Ovarian Cancer (Phase 1 Studies), Cancer Research Journal. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2019, pp. 106-116. doi: 10.11648/j.crj.20190703.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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